By | November 18, 2020


Data so far indicate that children under the age of 18 represent about 8.5% of reported cases, with relatively fewer deaths compared to other age groups and mild disease in general. However, cases of serious illness have been reported. As with adults, pre-existing medical conditions have been suggested as a risk factor for serious disease and intensive care admissions in children.

Further studies are ongoing to assess the risk of infection in children and to better understand the transition in this age group.

Whether a child should go to school depends on their health status, the current transmission of COVID-19 in their community, and the protective measures taken by the school and the community to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. Current evidence suggests that the overall risk of serious disease for children is lower than for adults as a whole, special precautions may be taken to reduce the risk of infection in children, and the benefits of returning to school should also be considered.

Current evidence suggests that people with underlying conditions such as asthma (moderate to severe), obesity, diabetes or chronic respiratory illness, including cancer, are at higher risk of serious illness and death than people without other health conditions. It seems so for children too, but more information is needed.


People 60 years of age and older and those with underlying health conditions have an increased risk of serious disease and death. The decision to return to the teaching environment is based on the individual and should take into account local disease trends, as well as steps taken to prevent further spread to schools.

The following criteria are recommended for the use of masks in schools in countries or areas where there is an acute community transmission of COVID-19 and in settings where physical distance cannot be achieved:

1. Children under the age of 5 should not be required to wear a mask.

2. For children between the ages of six and 11, a risk-based approach should be applied to the decision to use a mask, taking into account:

Evidence of the severity of transmission in the area where the child is and the risk of infection and transmission in this age group.

Beliefs, customs and behaviors.

The child’s ability to use the mask properly and adhere to the availability of adult supervision.

Potential effect of wearing a mask on education and development.

Additional consideration such as sports activities or disabled children or underlying diseases.

12. Children and adolescents 12 years of age or older should adhere to the National Mask Guide for Adults.

Teacher. Teachers and support staff may need to wear masks when they cannot guarantee a distance of at least 1-meter from others or there is a wide transmission in the area.

Types of masks:

Fabric masks are recommended to prevent further transmission to the general population in public areas, especially where distance is not possible, and in areas of community transition. This may include the school grounds in some situations. Masks can help protect others, as wearers can become infected before the symptoms of the disease appear. The policy of wearing a mask or face cover should be in accordance with national or local guidelines. Where used, the mask should be worn, cared for and disposed of properly.

Yes, ensure adequate ventilation and if possible increase the total airflow supply to the occupied spaces. Clean, natural ventilation (i.e., opening windows) should be used indoors where possible, without re-circulating air. If heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems are used, they should be regularly inspected, maintained and cleaned. Strict standards for installation, maintenance and filtration are required to ensure it is effective and safe. Consider operating the systems at maximum outside airflow for two hours before and after the building is occupied, according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

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