arthritis responsible for joint pain
What is arthritis?
Arthritis is pain or swelling of the joints. There are many types of arthritis. There are three main types.
The most common problem today is with knee pain. Everywhere people are seen these days talking about the pain of the bell. According to a survey, 60% of people in India complain of knee pain after the age of 44. Difficulty in sitting and standing, difficulty in straightening the legs and knees in sleep are very common in this pain….
1. Age-related wear and tear:
- With age, wear and tear causes joint pain. This problem is more common in the knee, hip and waist joints.
- Arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease that affects different joints.
- Arthritis: An increase in the amount of certain elements in the body which causes pain and swelling in the joints.
As a result of wear and tear, the marrow that surrounds the bone begins to fill with water, forming small cracks and osteophytes on the surface of the bone. This causes difficulty in movement of the joints. Often a small portion of the marrow gets inside the joint and causes more pain. As the wear and tear of the marrow increases, the joints become smaller and the wear and tear reaches the bone-bone surface, the surface does not turn and the foot does not turn.
Symptoms of the disease
Swelling on the knees, pain, inability to bend the legs, decreased mobility, noise in the joints during movement, shortening of one leg.
(1) Conservative treatment Medications, exercise, proper diet
- If the pain persists even after medication / exercise
- If the pain is unbearable
- Can’t sleep at night
- Having trouble walking from a daily activity such as standing up
- Total replacement
This is an operation in which a part of the damaged joint is removed and replaced with a metal-plastic joint. These prosthetic joints can move like natural joints.
- Knee joints have three parts
- The lower part of the hip bone
- The upper part of the tube bone
This operation involves removing the damaged surfaces of both bones and, if necessary, removing the back surface of the lid, after which artificial joints are inserted.
Benefits from the operation
- The pain goes away
- The movement of the joints can be challenged by movement
- A curved or shortened leg is straightened
- All the activities that could not be done before can be done
Exercise can be started from the second day after the operation and weight can be put on the feet and walking can be done, daily activities can take place.
Osteoarthritis (knee pain)
Knee pain is a type of wear that usually occurs in the cushion under the bone with age. With age, the two bones begin to get closer to each other. This causes swelling and stiffness between them. Due to which problems arise in daily life.
This type of knee disease usually starts after 6 years in women and 20 years in men. And with age, this wear and tear increases.
Causes of knee wear, tear, pain
The first reason is age. As a person gets older, the muscles around his knee joints get weaker with age. Which causes the onset of pain. The truth is that the older a person gets, the less likely he or she is to lose weight. Weakness in the knee If we understand the depth, there are mainly three bones in the knee.
This involves the femur, tibia, and patella. The space between the two bones, the tibia and the femur, is reduced. Which is called knee wear. That is why it is said that almost all people experience a decrease in that space with age. This means that the space between the two bones (in the knee) is reduced and the wear and tear is quite normal (normal) and natural (natural process). But in today’s society, there is a false sense of fear among the people that you feel worn out. Knee / knee wear and noise? Looks like two bones are colliding with each other? While many things from above are quite a natural process.
There is no need to be afraid of it. As the eyesight deteriorates in the body, hearing in the ears decreases, wrinkles appear in the skin, and muscles become weaker, the space between the two bones of the knee decreases. Which everyone sees happening. If there is a shortage of space and you experience pain with it, care should be taken to slow down the process.